New Society

It is not difficult to imagine a society without violence and in harmony with the environment. It is also simple to make it reality once the basic premises are established.

One of the first things we will have to realize is that we are all in this together.  As long as there is poverty and misery, no one sleeps well. The rich are trembling behind their golden walls and arming police with military high-tech weapons. When they step outside the suffering of the poor can only be ignored by the most callous. In the end no one is happy. The rich cannot enjoy their wealth with poverty-stricken masses blocking their view.

The idea of money and exploitation for profit no longer serve us. The idea that you can enrich yourself at the expense of others or the environment is obsolete. The advancement to a new society will be greeted by everyone, rich or poor, with relief as the horrific problems of global warming, war and poverty that are threatening our survival are solved piece by piece.

The abandoning of oil and the decentralization of energy is a large step forward and will contribute toward further decentralization into sustainable communities. This form of social organization is the one of choice for dealing with the local effects of global warming, the legacy of corporate rule.

Traditional farming methods that are adapted to specific climates will replace corporate farms which will disappear as people refuse to eat poisoned food. Farmer’s markets and local foods will replace fake food, again strengthening community and trustful relationships.

Health care will be recognized as a social responsibility, since only healthy people can make a contribution to their community. A healthy life style will replace the constant doctor’s visits and insurance mafia of the old society.

The security of being embedded in a group of caring people is the foundation to happiness. The isolation of individuals and families in the old society has been a great cause of loneliness and suffering.

Imagine a society where there is no theft or violence, where you meet friends on the street, where compassion and respect for humans and the planet determine our thoughts and actions. This society is not as far away as it may seem.

We can envision a society without money, wages or profit, a society where everyone does their part, not out of fear, but for social recognition and respect. Doing work that you are proud of, to share your talents, is the basis for social fulfillment. Everyone wants to do good if they can. In a society not based on money, everyone can do the job that they enjoy and change jobs at any time. Jobs that are not readily done can be rotated within the community.

This is not democracy in the sense of a majority rule. The rules governing this society are based on voluntary acceptance of a shared set of values. Since individuals are not pitted against each other it will be easier to find a consensus. In the end everyone wants the same thing: a beautiful clean environment and a safe community where simple pleasures like social events, art and music or sports and hobbies can be enjoyed. Everyone wants a good education for their children. Everyone wants a voice in local decisions. Everyone wants to live in peace without war and violence.

A society without war and violence is best created in a non-violent way. This new society needs no bloody revolution, it is the natural result of connections between people who are following similar paths, trying to save the planet and living more natural and fulfilled lives. These communities categorically reject violence as a means of solving problems and turn to mediation and councils to resolve conflicts.

A society with social and environmental responsibility is concerned with each member of the community and their well-being. We can learn a lot from tribal practices, a community based on friendship, kinship and solidarity, working together instead of against each other where the role of the elder women is very important.


Social and environmental responsibility take place in the community where people are directly affected. Individual communities will make sure no toxic waste is dumped or poison chemicals used where they live. People are motivated to keep their neighborhood clean and safe instead of relying on intervention from above.

Education is the key to this natural transformation. As people become aware of the deadly havoc wreaked by destructive capitalism, they will seek new models based on cooperation instead of competition. Social abilities inherent in humans will be activated in the new society, people embedded in a social community of friends and family will gladly work together for the good of everyone in the community. Education will be part of the ongoing exchange of information between members of the community, not banned to institutional ivory towers.

During this natural transition the corporations will writhe in their death throes and try to take down as much of the world as they can. But reason will prevail in this sea of madness and a new paradigm based on cooperation will ultimately be established.



The End of Capitalism

Capitalism contradicts the inherent human instinct to share. Sharing was the only guarantee of survival in prehistoric times. Our tribal ancestors developed language and civilization in the process of building a society to ensure the survival of the tribe. This past comprises almost 99% of our history.

Imagine a group of women going out to gather berries and running as fast as they can to get to the berries first, grabbing as much as they can and even grabbing them away from others if you can, eating them all at once even if you’re not hungry just to make sure no one else gets any. That is Capitalism.

Cooperation is a fundamental principle of evolution, from the attraction of particles to the co-existence of cell groups in an organism to the cohesion of society. Capitalism is in conflict with this evolutionary principle, emphasizing the victory of one person over the others, a lonely victory that destroys the social bonds on which our survival still depends.

This is something we have forgotten in choosing Capitalism as the main denominator of our society.  Society is like an ant colony where each ant is dependent on the survival of the colony to insure its own survival. We have forgotten that society is a functioning organism. Capitalism is like one organ in the body suddenly cutting off the blood supply to the others or poisoning major arteries.  So the whole body dies. One organ grows uncontrollably at the expense of the others. Capitalism is a deadly cancer.

Capitalism is sawing off the branch we are sitting on, but worse, they are sawing down the whole tree. We do not know what will be left when Capitalism is finished ravaging the earth. Will humanity die?  Or will we be able to salvage our ecosystem in time?

The basic principle of Capitalism rewards unbridled greed and the reckless rule of wealth at the expense of the common good and the future. Obviously when the water is poisoned and the air tainted, the climate balance and the environment destroyed, our life on the earth is not worth much.

The population, reduced to mindless consumers, lulled into complacency with idiotic entertainment,   blind to the facts of the immanent dangers of criminal Capitalism. Manipulated by invasive advertising to keep buying and consuming, new cars, new appliances, new gadgets, new fashion although it is  becoming apparent that our luxuries are at the cost of future generations. Do we really want to be remembered as the greedy and selfish generation that ruined the earth?

While the public is being primed to buy new cars, the roads are left to deteriorate. Infrastructure, roads, bridges, water supply, all public amenities are decaying at an alarming rate, while big business and finance rakes in the money. Capitalism has no responsibility towards society whatsoever. On the contrary, lobbied legislation allows them to pump pollutants into our air and water without restrictions. The private sector gets the profit and the public sector is dismantled. That is the very goal of cannibalistic Capitalism, to destroy and dismember any remnant of public-owned facilities, poison the public water supply and then sell water in bottles.  Close schools, cut police and firefighters, privatize and capitalize, creating a society where only the rich can afford to live.


The prevailing of the money-making schemes of Wall St. over actual production in U.S. and world economy demonstrates the success in creating and manipulating markets to pump money into the financial sector and into the hands of the wealthy. The mad rush to the feeding troughs of debt in the last decades created an economy built on the empty promise of eternal economic growth. The crash of the Debt Bubble is a violent awakening for the American middle class who blindly followed the temptations and delusions propagated by the Fed and the big banks.

The rich are proud of their financial advantage, even if they inherited their fortunes. Most rich have never questioned the validity of their status. They take it for granted that they have a right to the extravagance and luxury that is part of their class entitlement. Like the English Royals, you must live up to your standard. And that means a private jet and a garage with an elevator.

They accept that there are rich and poor, just like there is sun and rain. It would never occur to them that there is anything morally wrong with spending 2 million for a yacht, while most of the people they share the earth with have less than $2 a day to live on.

Capitalism transforms the rich into monsters without a soul, without a conscience, destroying the environment in their insatiable thirst for profit, more money and more and more. 

In Capitalism where everything is determined by profit, people’s thinking is deformed by judging everything according to its market value, human qualities like honesty and friendship become irrelevant.

Along with compassion and humanity, all sense of responsibility towards society and the environment is conveniently thrown out the window.  Industry and corporate lobbies spend billions every year to bribe our elected representatives to guarantee their freedom of pollution. Don’t these people have children? Aren’t they afraid like the rest of us of environmental poison, air pollution, global warming? How do these lobbyists and politicians sleep at night knowing they have driven one more nail into the death of our planet?

In Capitalism the biggest polluter is the winner. The company that dumps the most deadly waste into the environment without restrictions can rake in the most profit. Government has the mandate of protecting the environment which is why Capitalism  would like to further deregulate and weaken government authority under the auspice that “big government “ is socialism, or un-American for some reason.

We are all for reducing government spending. But that does not mean reducing public services which is what we are paying our taxes for: roads, schools, public safety, fire protection. What should be abolished is the corruption in the government, not the services that protect us and our families. Why  isn’t anyone asking about the billions that ”went missing”  in Iraq, about the unsavory connections between Cheney and Halliburton,  trillions spent in wars prolonged by companies earning off them.

They want to reduce teachers although our school system is already failing. What do the wealthy care, they send their kids to private schools, let the public schools rot. Then privatize them, sell them off and close them down. Now that’s a plan.

They close down the public parks, they have their own huge private estates.

They close down public swimming pools leaving kids to swelter in the cities. Who cares, they have their own private pools, or they jump in their private jet and fly to their private resort in the Bahamas.

They close down public libraries, worsening the already rampant illiteracy. People who can’t read are easier to dupe. So the public is dumbed -down with a constant stream of meaningless drivel, what tattoos the stars are getting, the latest style of shoes, new fad diets. Young people grow up thinking that the most important thing is how your hair looks. What they don’t realize is: it’s not what’s on your head, it’s what in it that counts.

The obesity epidemic is fine with the rich.  At least the poor can’t crawl through the windows of our mansions, and they can’t run away so fast. Why are the rich afraid to talk about class warfare, the one thing they fear the most.

If Capitalism continues to scourge the planet, our future is not bright.

A future dominated by hoards of starving homeless, driven to mass crime to survive, pitted against the high tech  defense systems of the wealthy? The total breakdown of society means lawless gangs, scavenging in the garbage heaps of the rich. The rich will need private arsenals and fortresses to defend their wealth.

This future in Fortress World is no fun for anyone and not for the wealthy, trembling behind their high walls. A chain is as strong as the weakest link, and society is a chain connecting people and allowing them to co-operate and thrive. When the wealthy realize that they can only be as happy as the thinnest starving child in Africa, we can overcome the grab-and-run mentality and start working together.

We are seeing the last spasms of a deadly system that is imploding from within its rotten heart. This is the end of Capitalism, it has been unmasked and the leering grimace of abysmal greed will be a warning to future generations. We are in an advantageous position to be able to watch it go down with flying colors, the sinking of the Titanic. We realize that this is a necessary and immanent development, a logical historical sequence that follows the cyclical evolution of humanity.

To live in the decline of Capitalism foments clarity as the systems flaws conflagurate and the construction wobbles. Advertising appears lurid in the news next to the War Dead. The reality of unemployment, poverty and misery behind the scenes of Hollowood.  The total breakdown of the American Dream.

What can we dream about now? We must stop dreaming and act to create a society that can unite the earth in an effort to guarantee a sustainable and productive life for all inhabitants.

Government is one hope to maintain a level of civil and humane existence. One quick fix alternative to tearing down the whole system is the option of leveling the playing field. It is not too late to employ the instrument of fair laws requiring the wealthy and corporations to do their part and give back to society. The self-destructive stupidity we now observe in Capitalism could be re-directed into responsibility for society and the environment.

However, our corporate-owned government is an unlikely hero in the story.  The more probable outcome is a slow and painful death to Capitalism, trying to grab out parts of the world without realizing that the whole world belongs to everyone born here now and in the future. You can’t grab out a part and say that’s mine, since everything is part of the whole. Capitalism is shitting in its own nest.

We will see the natural development of a parallel society without the need of a bloody revolution. Capitalism will wither and die like the Wicked Witch of the West. It will try to stop the growth of a new paradigm by destroying the environment. But the new paradigm is unstoppable, manifested in political movements all over the world at this turning point in history.




Zombie Capitalism

BILL MOYERS: This week on Moyers & Company…
HENRY GIROUX: What’s at stake here is not just the fact that you have rich people who now control the economy and all the commanding institutions of society. What you have is basically a transgression against the very basic ideals of democracy. I mean, it’s hard to imagine life beyond capitalism. You know, it’s easier to imagine the death of the planet than it is to imagine the death of capitalism.
BILL MOYERS: Welcome. A very wise teacher once told us, “If you want to change the world, change the metaphor.” Then he gave us some of his favorite examples. You think of language differently, he said, if you think of “words pregnant with celestial fire.” Or “words that weep and tears that speak.” Of course, the heart doesn’t physically separate into pieces when we lose someone we love, but “a broken heart” conveys the depth of loss. And if I say you are the “apple of my eye”, you know how special you are in my sight. In other words, metaphors cleanse the lens of perception and give us a fresh take on reality. In other words.
Recently I read a book and saw a film that opened my eyes to see differently the crisis of our times, and the metaphor used by both was, believe it or not, zombies. You heard me right, zombies. More on the film later, but this is the book: “Zombie Politics and Culture in the Age of Casino Capitalism”. Talk about “connecting the dots” — read this, and the headlines of the day will, I think, arrange themselves differently in your head — threading together ideas and experiences to reveal a pattern. The skillful weaver is Henry Giroux, a scholar, teacher and social critic with seemingly tireless energy and a broad range of interests. Here are just a few of his books: America’s Education Deficit and the War on Youth, Twilight of the Social, Youth in a Suspect Society, Neoliberalism’s War on Higher Education.
Henry Giroux is the son of working class parents in Rhode Island who now holds the Global TV Network Chair in English and Cultural Studies at McMaster University in Canada. Henry Giroux, welcome.
HENRY GIROUX: Pleasure. It’s great to be here.
BILL MOYERS: There’s a great urgency in your recent books and in the essays you’ve been posting online, a fierce urgency, almost as if you are writing with the doomsday clock ticking. What accounts for that?
HENRY GIROUX: Well, for me democracy is too important to allow it to be undermined in a way in which every vital institution that matters from the political process to the schools to the inequalities that, to the money being put into politics, I mean, all those things that make a democracy viable are in crisis.
And the problem is the crisis, while we recognize in many ways is associated increasingly with the economic system, what we haven’t gotten yet is that it should be accompanied by a crisis of ideas, that the stories that are being told about democracy are really about the swindle of fulfillment.
The swindle of fulfillment in that what the reigning elite in all of their diversity now tell the American people if not the rest of the world is that democracy is an excess. It doesn’t really matter anymore, that we don’t need social provisions, we don’t need the welfare state, that the survival of the fittest is all that matters, that in fact society should mimic those values in ways that suggest a new narrative.
I mean you have a consolidation of power that is so overwhelming, not just in its ability to control resources and drive the economy and redistribute wealth upward, but basically to provide the most fraudulent definition of what a democracy should be.
I mean, the notion that profit making is the essence of democracy, the notion that economics is divorced from ethics, the notion that the only obligation of citizenship is consumerism, the notion that the welfare state is a pathology, that any form of dependency basically is disreputable and needs to be attacked, I mean, this is a vicious set of assumptions.
BILL MOYERS: Are we close to equating democracy with capitalism?
HENRY GIROUX: Oh, I mean, I think that’s the biggest lie of all actually. The biggest lie of all is that capitalism is democracy. We have no way of understanding democracy outside of the market, just as we have no understanding of how to understand freedom outside of market values.
BILL MOYERS: Explain that. What do you mean “outside of market values?”
HENRY GIROUX: I mean you know, when Margaret Thatcher married Ronald Reagan–
BILL MOYERS: Metaphorically?
HENRY GIROUX: Metaphorically. Two things happened. 1) There was this assumption that the government was evil except when it regulated its power to benefit the rich. So it wasn’t a matter of smashing the government as Reagan seemed to suggest, it was a matter of rearranging it and reconfiguring it so it served the wealthy, the elites and the corporate, of course, you know, those who run mega corporations. But Thatcher said something else that’s particularly interesting in this discussion.
She said there’s no such thing as society. There are only individuals and families. And so what we begin to see is the emergence of a kind of ethic, a survival of the fittest ethic that legitimates the most incredible forms of cruelty, that seems to suggest that freedom in this discourse of getting rid of society, getting rid of the social– that discourse is really only about self-interest, that possessive individualism is now the only virtue that matters. So freedom, which is essential to any notion of democracy, now becomes nothing more than a matter of pursuing your own self interests. No society can survive under those conditions.
BILL MOYERS: So what is society? When you use it as an antithesis to what Margaret Thatcher said, what do you have in mind? What’s the metaphor for–
HENRY GIROUX: I have in mind a society in which the wealth is shared, in which there is a mesh of organizations that are grounded in the social contract, that takes seriously the mutual obligations that people have to each other. But more than anything else– I’m sorry, but I want to echo something that FDR once said,
When he said that, you know, you not only have to have personal freedoms and political freedoms, the right to vote the right to speak, you have to have social freedom. You have to have the freedom from want, the freedom from poverty, the freedom from– that comes with a lack of health care.
Getting ahead cannot be the only motive that motivates people. You have to imagine what a good life is. But agency, the ability to do that, to have the capacity to basically be able to make decisions and learn how to govern and not just be governed–
BILL MOYERS: As a citizen.
HENRY GIROUX: As a citizen.
BILL MOYERS: A citizen is a moral agent of–
HENRY GIROUX: A citizen is a political and moral agent who in fact has a shared sense of hope and responsibility to others and not just to him or herself. Under this system, democracy is basically like the lotto. You know, go in, you put a coin in, and if you’re lucky, you win something. If you don’t, then you become something else.
BILL MOYERS: So then why when I talk about the urgency in your writing, your forthcoming book opens with this sentence, “America’s descending into madness.” Now, don’t you think many people will read that as hyperbole?
HENRY GIROUX: Sometimes in the exaggerations there are great truths. And it seems to me that what’s unfortunate here is that’s not an exaggeration.
BILL MOYERS: Well, madness can mean several things. It can mean insanity. It can mean lunacy. But it can also mean folly, foolishness, you know, look at that craziness over there. Which do you mean?
HENRY GIROUX: I mean, it’s certainly not just about foolishness. It’s about a kind of lunacy in which people lose themselves in a sense of power and greed and exceptionalism and nationalism in ways that so undercut the meaning of democracy and the meaning of justice that you have to sit back and ask yourself how could the following, for instance, take place?
How could people who allegedly believe in democracy and the American Congress cut $40 billion from a food stamp program, half of which those food stamps go to children? And you ask yourself how could that happen? I mean, how can you say no to a Medicaid program which is far from radical but at the same time offers poor people health benefits that could save their lives?
How do you shut down public schools and say that charter schools and private schools are better because education is really not a right, it’s an entitlement? How do you get a discourse governing the country that seems to suggest that anything public, public health, public transportation, public values, you know, public engagement is a pathology?
BILL MOYERS: Let me answer that from the other side. They would say to you that we cut Medicaid or food stamps because they create dependency. We closed public schools because they aren’t working, they aren’t teaching. People are coming out not ready for life.
HENRY GIROUX: No, no, that’s the answer that they give. I mean, and it’s a mark of their insanity. I mean, that’s precisely an answer that in my mind embodies a kind of psychosis that is so divorced– is in such denial about power and how it works and is in such denial about their attempt at what I call individualize the social, in other words–
BILL MOYERS: Individualize?
HENRY GIROUX: Individualize the social, which means that all problems, if they exist, rest on the shoulders of individuals.
BILL MOYERS: You are responsible.
HENRY GIROUX: You are responsible.
BILL MOYERS: If you’re poor, you’re responsible if you’re ignorant, you’re responsible if–
BILL MOYERS: –you’re sick?
HENRY GIROUX: That’s right, that the government– the larger social order, the society has no responsibility whatsoever so that– you often hear this, I mean, if there–I mean, if you have an economic crisis caused by the hedge fund crooks, you know and millions of people are put out of work and they’re all lining up for unemployment, what do we hear in the national media? We hear that maybe they don’t know how to fill out unemployment forms, maybe it’s about character. You know, maybe they’re just simply lazy.
BILL MOYERS: This line struck me, “The ideology of hardness and cruelty runs through American culture like an electric current…”
HENRY GIROUX: Yeah, it sure does. I mean, to see poor people, their benefits being cut, to see pensions of Americans who have worked like my father, all their lives, and taken away, to see the rich just accumulating more and more wealth.
I mean, it seems to me that there has to be a point where you have to say, “No, this has to stop.” We can’t allow ourselves to be driven by those lies anymore. We can’t allow those who are rich, who are privileged, who are entitled, who accumulate wealth to simply engage in a flight from social and moral and political responsibility by blaming the people who are victimized by those policies as the source of those problems.
BILL MOYERS: There’s a new reality you write emerging in America in no small part because of the media, one that enshrines a politics of disposability in which growing numbers of people are considered dispensable and a drain on the body politic and the economy, not to mention you say an affront on the sensibilities of the rich and the powerful.
HENRY GIROUX: If somebody had to say to me– ask me the question, “What exactly is new that we haven’t seen before?” And I think that what we haven’t seen before is an attack on the social contract, Bill, that is so overwhelming, so dangerous in the way in which its being deconstructed and being disassembled that you now have as a classic example, you have a whole generation of young people who are now seen as disposable.
They’re in debt, they’re unemployed. My friend, Zygmunt Bauman, calls them the zero generation: zero jobs, zero hope, zero possibilities, zero employment. And it seems to me when a country turns its back on its young people because they figure in investments not long term investments, they can’t be treated as simply commodities that are going to in some way provide an instant payback and extend the bottom line, they represent something more noble than that. They represent an indication of how the future is not going to mimic the present and what obligations people might have, social, political, moral and otherwise to allow that to happen, and we’ve defaulted on that possibility.
BILL MOYERS: You actually call it– there’s the title of the book, “America’s Education Deficit and the War on Youth.”
HENRY GIROUX: Oh, this is a war. It’s a war that endlessly commercializes kids, both as commodities and as commodifiable.
HENRY GIROUX: Example being that the young people can’t turn anywhere without in some way being told that the only obligation of citizenship is to shop, is to be a consumer. You can’t walk on a college campus today and walk into the student union and not see everybody represented there from the local banks to Disneyland to local shops, all selling things.
I mean, it’s like the school has become a mall. It imitates the mall. And if you walk into schools as one example, I mean, you look at the buses, there are advertisements on the buses. You walk into the bathroom, there are advertisements above the stalls. I mean, and the curriculum is written by General Electric.
BILL MOYERS: We’re all branded–
HENRY GIROUX: They’re branded, they’re branded.
BILL MOYERS: –everything is branded?
HENRY GIROUX: Where are the public spaces for young people other learn a discourse that’s not commodified, to be able to think about non-commodifiable values like trust, justice, honesty, integrity, caring for others, compassion. Those things, they’re just simply absent, they’re not part of those public spheres because those spheres have been commodified.
What does it mean to go to school all day and just be taking tests and learning how to teach for the test? Their minds are numb. I mean–the expression I get from them, they call school dead time, these kids. Say it’s dead time. I call it their dis-imagination zones.
BILL MOYERS: Dis-imagination?
HENRY GIROUX: Yeah, yeah, they rob– it’s a form of learning that robs the mind of any possibility of being imaginative. The arts are cut out, right, so the questions are not being raised about what it means to be creative.
All of those things that speak to educating the imagination, to stretching it, the giving kids the knowledge, a sense of the traditions, the archives to take risks, to learn about the world, they’re disappearing.
BILL MOYERS: I heard you respond to someone who asked you at a public session the other evening–“What would you do about what you’ve just described?” And your first response was start debating societies in high schools all across the country.
HENRY GIROUX: That’s right. One of the things that I learned quickly as a result of the internet is I started getting a ton of letters from students who basically were involved in these debate societies. And they’re saying like things, “We use your work. We love this work.”
And I actually got involved with one that was working with– out of Brown University’s working with a high school in the inner cities right, and I got involved with some of the students. But then I began to learn as a result of that involvement that these were the most radical kids in the country.
I mean, these were kids who embodied what a critical public sphere meant. They were going all over the country, different high schools, working class kids no less, debating major issues and getting so excited about in many ways winning these debates but doing it on the side of– something they could believe in.
And I thought to myself, “Wow, here’s a space.” Here’s a space where you’re going to have a whole generation of kids who could be actually engaging in debate and dialogue. Every working class urban school in this country should put its resources as much as possible into a debate team.
BILL MOYERS: My favorite of your many books is this one, “Zombie Politics and Culture in the Age of Casino Capitalism.” Why that metaphor, zombie politics?
HENRY GIROUX: Because it’s a politics that’s informed by the machinery of social and civil death.
HENRY GIROUX: Death. It’s a death machine. It’s a death machine because in my estimation it does everything it can to kill any vestige of a robust democracy. It turns people into zombies, people who basically are so caught up with surviving that they have no– they become like the walking dead, you know, they lose their sense of agency– I mean they lose their homes, they lose their jobs.
And so this zombie metaphor actually operated at two levels. I mean, at one level it spoke to people who have no visions, who exercise a form of political leadership that extends the politics of what I call war and the machineries of death, whether those machineries are at home or abroad, whether they’re about the death of civil liberties or they’re about making up horrendous lies to actually invade a country like Iraq.
So this– the zombie metaphor is a way to sort of suggest that democracy is losing its oxygen, you know, it’s losing its vitality, that we have a politics that really is about the organization of the production of violence.
It’s losing its soul. It’s losing its spirit. It’s losing its ability to speak to itself in ways that would span the human spirit and the human possibility for justice and equality.
BILL MOYERS: Because we don’t think of zombies as having souls?
HENRY GIROUX: They don’t have souls.
BILL MOYERS: Right. You–
HENRY GIROUX: They’re driven by lust.
HENRY GIROUX: The lust for money, the lust for power.
BILL MOYERS: Well, that’s, I guess, why you mix your metaphors. Because you talk about casino capitalists, zombie politics, which you say in the book shapes every aspect–
HENRY GIROUX: Every aspect.
BILL MOYERS: –of society .
HENRY GIROUX: Yeah, at the current moment. This is what–
HENRY GIROUX: Well, first, let’s begin with an assumption. This casino capitalism as we talk about it, right, one of the things that it does that hasn’t been done before, it doesn’t just believe it can control the economy. It believes that it can govern all of social life. That’s different.
That means it has to have its tentacles into every aspect of everyday life. Everything from the way schools are run to the way prisons are outsourced to the way the financial services are run to the way in which people have access to health care, it’s an all-encompassing, it seems to me, political, cultural, educational apparatus.
And it basically has nothing to do with expanding the meaning and the substance of democracy itself. What it has to do is expanding– what it means to get–a quick return, what it means to take advantage of a kind of casino logic in which the only thing that drives you is to go to that slot machine and somehow get more, just pump the machine, put as much money in as you can into it and walk out a rich man. That’s what it’s about.
BILL MOYERS: You say that casino capitalist, zombie politics views competition as a form of social combat, celebrates war as an extension of politics and legitimates a ruthless social Darwinism.
HENRY GIROUX: Oh, I mean, it is truly ruthless. I mean, imagine yourself on a reality TV program called “The Survivor”, you and I, we’re all that’s left. The ideology that drives that program is only one of us is going to win. I don’t have any respect for you. I mean, all I’m trying to do is beat you. I just want to be the one that’s left. I want to win the big prize.
And it seems to me that what’s unfortunate is that reality now mimics reality TV. It is reality TV in terms of the consensus that drives it, that the shared fears are more important than shared responsibilities, that the social contract is the pathology because it basically suggests helping people is a strength rather than a weakness.
It believes that social bonds not driven by market values are basically bonds that we should find despicable. But even worse, in this ethic, the market has colonized pleasure in such a way that violence in many ways seems to be the only way left that people can actually experience pleasure whether it’s in the popular medium, whether it’s in the way in which we militarize local police to become SWAT teams that actually will break up poker games now in full gear or give away surplus material, equipment to a place like Ohio State University, who got an armored tank.
I mean, I guess– I’m wondering what does it mean when you’re on a campus and you see an armored tank, you know, by the university police? I mean, this is– everything is a war zone. You know, Senator Graham–when Lindsey Graham, he said– in talking about the terrorist laws, you know these horrible laws that are being put into place in which Americans can be captured, they can be killed and, you know–the kill list all of this, he basically says, “Everybody’s a potential terrorist.”
I mean, so that what happens here is that this notion of fear and this fear around the notion of security that is simply about protecting yourself, not about social security, not about protecting the commons, not about protecting the environment, turns everybody into a potential enemy. I mean, we cannot mediate our relationships it seems any longer in this culture in ways in which we would suggest and adhere to the notion that justice is a matter of caring for the other, that compassion matters.
BILL MOYERS: So this is why you write that America’s no longer recognizable as a democracy?
HENRY GIROUX: No. Look, as the social state is crippled, as the social state is in some way robbed, hollowed out and robbed of its potential and its capacities, what takes its place? The punishing state takes its place.
You get this notion of incarceration, this, what we call the governing through crime complex where governance now has been ceded to corporations who largely are basically about benefiting the rich, the ultra-rich, the big corporations and allowing the state to exercise its power in enormously destructive and limited ways.
And those ways are about militarizing the culture, criminalizing social–a wide swathe of social behavior and keeping people in check. What does it mean when you turn on the television in the United States and you see young kids, peaceful protestors, lying down with their hands locked and you got a guy with, you know, spraying them with pepper spray as if there’s something normal about that, as if that’s all it takes, that’s how we solve problems? I mean, I guess the question here is what is it in a culture that would allow the public to believe that with almost any problem that arises, force is the first way to address it.
I mean, one has to recognize that in that kind of logic, something has happened in which the state is no longer in the service of democracy.
BILL MOYERS: Well, George Monbiot, who writes for “The Guardian,” wrote just the other day, “It’s business that really rules us.” And he says, “So I don’t blame people for giving up on politics … When a state-corporate nexus of power has bypassed democracy and made a mockery of the voting process, when an unreformed political funding system ensures that parties can be bought and sold, when politicians of the main … parties stand and watch as public services are divvied up by a grubby cabal of privateers, what is left of the system that inspires us to participate?”
HENRY GIROUX: I mean, the real question is why aren’t we more outraged?
HENRY GIROUX: Why aren’t we in the streets?
HENRY GIROUX: I mean, that’s the central question for the American public. I mean, and I think that question has to address something fundamental and that is what we have, while we have an economic system that in fact has caused a crisis in democracy. What we haven’t addressed is the underlying consensus that informs that crisis. What you have is basically a transgression against the very basic ideals of democracy. We have lost what it means to be connected to democracy.
And I think that’s coupled with a cultural apparatus, a culture, an educative culture, a mode of politics in which people now have gone through this for so long that it’s become normalized. I mean, it’s hard to imagine life beyond capitalism. You know, it’s easier to imagine the death of the planet than it is to imagine the death of capitalism. I mean– and so it seems to me–
BILL MOYERS: Well, don’t you think people want to be capitalist? Don’t you think people want capitalism? They want money?
HENRY GIROUX: I’m not sure if they want those things. I mean, I think when you–when you read all the surveys about what’s important to people’s lives, Bill, actually the things that they focus on are not about, you know, “I want to be about the Kardashian sisters,” God forbid, right?
I mean, I think that what–they the same way we want–we need a decent education for our kids, we want, you know, real health care. I mean, we want the sense of equality in the country. We want to be able to control the political process so that we’re not simply nameless and invisible and disposable.
I mean, they basically–they want women to be able to have the right to have some control over their own reproductive rights. I mean, they’re talking about gay rights being a legitimate pursuit of justice.
And I think that what is missing from all of this are the basic, are those alternative public spheres, those cultural formations, what I call a formative culture that can bring people together and give those ideas, embody them in both a sense of hope, of vision and the organizations and strategies that would be necessary at the very least to start a third party, at the very least. I mean, to start a party that is not part of this establishment, to reconstruct a sense of where politics can go.
BILL MOYERS: Well, you write that the liberal center has failed us and for all of its discourse of helping the poor, of addressing inequality, it always ends up on the side of bankers and finance capital, right.
ead books. We went to the library together. We drank on Friday nights. We talked about Gramsci. We drove to Boston–
BILL MOYERS: Gramsci being the Italian philosopher.
HENRY GIROUX: The Italian philosopher. I mean–
BILL MOYERS: The pessimism of the–
HENRY GIROUX: Of the intellect, and optimism of the will.
HENRY GIROUX: Right? I mean, we–

BILL MOYERS: You see the world as it is, but then you act as if you can change the world.
HENRY GIROUX: Exactly. I mean, we tried to find ways to both enliven the neighborhoods we lived in. But at the same time, we knew that that wasn’t enough. That one– that there was a world beyond our neighborhood, and that world had all kinds of things for us to learn. And we were excited about that. I mean, we drank, danced and talked. That’s what we did.
BILL MOYERS: And I assume there were some other more private activities.
HENRY GIROUX: And there was more private activity.
BILL MOYERS: You know, you are a buoyant man. And yet you describe what you call a shift away from the hope that accompanies the living, to a politics of cynicism and despair.
BILL MOYERS: What leads you to this?
HENRY GIROUX: What leads me to this is something that we mentioned earlier, and that is when you see policies being enacted today that are so cruel and so savage, wiping out a generation of young people, trying to eliminate public schools, eliminating health care, putting endless percentage of black and brown people in jail, destroying the environment and there’s no public outrage.
There aren’t people in the streets. You know, you have to ask yourself, “Has this market mentality, is it so powerful and that it’s become so normalized, so taken for granted that the imagination, the collective imagination has been so stunted that it becomes difficult to challenge it anymore?” And I think that leads me to despair somewhat. But I’ve always felt that in the face of the worst tyrannies, people resist.
They’re resisting now all over the world. And it seems to me history is open. I believe history is open. I don’t believe that we have reached the finality of a system that is so destructive that all we have to do is look at the clock and say, “One minute left.” I don’t believe in those kinds of metaphors.
We have to acknowledge the realities that bear down on us, but it seems to me that if we really want to live in a world and be alive with compassion and justice, then we need educated hope. We need a hope that recognizes the problems and doesn’t romanticize them, and also recognizes the need for vision, for social organizations, for strategies. We need institutions that provide the formative culture that give voice to those visions and those ideas.
BILL MOYERS: You’ve talked elsewhere or written elsewhere about the need for a militant, far-reaching, social movement to challenge the false claims that equate democracy and capitalism. Now, what do you mean “Militant and Far Reaching Social Movement?”
HENRY GIROUX: I mean, what we do know, we know this. We know that there are people working in local communities all over the United States around particular kinds of issues, whether it be gay rights, whether it be the environment, whether it be, you know the Occupy movement, helping people with Hurricane Sandy. We have a lot of fragmented movements.
And I think we probably have a lot more than we realize, because the press gives them no visibility, as you know. So, we don’t really have a sense of the degree to which these– how pronounced these really are. I think the real issue here is, you know, what would it mean to begin to do at least two things?
To say the very least, one is to develop cultural apparatuses that can offer a new vocabulary for people, where questions of freedom and justice and the problems that we’re facing can be analyzed in ways that reach mass audiences in accessible language. We have to build a formative culture. We have to do that. Secondly, we’ve got to overcome the fractured nature of these movements. I mean the thing that plagues me about progressives in the left and liberals is they are all sort of ensconced in these fragmented movements that seem to suggest those movements constitute the totality of the system of oppression that we are facing. And they don’t.
Look, we have technologies in place now in which students all over the world are beginning to communicate with each other because they’re realizing that the punishing logic of austerity has a certain kind of semblance that a certain normality that, in common ground, that is affecting students in Greece, students in Spain, students in France.
BILL MOYERS: And in this country?
HENRY GIROUX: And in this country. And it seems to me that while I may be too old to in any way begin to participate in this, I really believe that young people have recognized that they’ve been written out of the discourse of democracy. That they’re in the grip of something so oppressive it will take away their future, their hopes, their possibilities and their sense of the future will be one that is less than what their parents had imagined.
And there’s no going back. I mean, this has to be addressed. And it’ll take time. They’ll build the organizations. They’ll get– they’ll work with the new technologies. And hopefully they’ll have our generation to be able to assist in that, but it’s not going to happen tomorrow. And it’s not going to happen in a year. It’s going to as you have to plant seeds. You have to believe that seeds matter.
But you need a different vocabulary and a different understanding of politics. Look, the right has one thing going for it that nobody wants to talk about. Power is global. And politics is local. They float. They have no allegiance to anyone. They don’t care about the social contract, because if workers in the United States don’t want to compromise, they’ll get them in Mexico. So the notion of political concessions has died for this class. They don’t care about it anymore. There are no political concessions.
BILL MOYERS: The financial class.
HENRY GIROUX: The financial class.
BILL MOYERS: The one percent.
HENRY GIROUX: The one percent. That’s why they’re so savage. They’re so savage because there’s nothing to give up. They don’t have to compromise. The power is so arrogant, so over the top, so unlike anything we have seen in terms of its anti-democratic practices, policies, modes of governance and ideology.
That at some point, you know they feel they don’t have to legitimate this anymore. I mean, it’s because the contradictions are becoming so great, that I think all of a sudden a lot of young people are recognizing this language, this whole language, doesn’t work. The language of liberalism doesn’t work anymore.
No, let’s just reform the system. Let’s work within it. Let’s just run people for office. My argument would be, you have one foot in and you have one foot out. I’m not willing to give up the school board. I’m not willing to give up all forms of electoral politics. But it seems to me at the local level we can do some of that thing, that people can get elected. They can make moderate changes.
But the real changes are not going to come there. The real changes are going to come in creating movements that are longstanding, that are organized, that basically take questions of governance and policy seriously and begin to spread out and become international. That is going to have to happen.

Henry A. Giroux currently holds the Global TV Network Chair Professorship at McMaster University in the English and Cultural Studies Department and a Distinguished Visiting Professorship at Ryerson University. His most recent books include: On Critical Pedagogy (Continuum, 2011), Twilight of the Social: Resurgent Publics in the Age of Disposability (Paradigm 2012), Disposable Youth: Racialized Memories and the Culture of Cruelty (Routledge 2012), Youth in Revolt: Reclaiming a Democratic Future (Paradigm 2013), and The Educational Deficit and the War on Youth (Monthly Review Press, 2013), America’s Disimagination Machine (City Lights) and Higher Education After Neoliberalism (Haymarket) will be published in 2014). Giroux is also a member of Truthout’s Board of Directors. His web site is

Capitalism Kills

Capitalism and Unemployment
Friday, 15 November 2013 10:25
By Richard D Wolff, Truthout | News Analysis

Jaime Rodriguez, who said he interviewed unsuccessfully with at least eight companies since being laid off, volunteers with Alba Davila, right, at a community resource center in New York, February 6, 2013. (Photo: Karsten Moran / The New York Times)
Capitalism as a system seems incapable of solving its unemployment problem. It keeps generating long-term joblessness, punctuated by spikes of recurring short-term extreme joblessness. The system’s leaders cannot solve or overcome the problem. Before the latest capitalist crisis hit in 2007, the unemployment rate was near 5 percent. In 2013, it is near 7.5 percent. That is 50 percent higher despite the last six years of so-called “effective policies to address unemployment.”
Capitalism makes employment depend chiefly on capitalists’ decisions to undertake production, and those decisions depend on profits. If capitalists expect profits high enough to satisfy them, they hire. If capitalists don’t, we get unemployment. Capitalism requires the unemployed, their families and their communities to live with firing decisions made by capitalists even though they are excluded from participating in those decisions. The United States revolted against Britain partly because it rejected being victimized by tax decisions from which it was excluded. Yet employment decisions are at least as important as tax decisions.
Unemployment has three dimensions that often escape public discussion, perhaps because they raise such fundamental questions about the capitalist system. The first dimension concerns the immense losses for society from the kind of unemployment capitalism reproduces and that we suffer today. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the sum of unemployed people, “marginal” workers (those who stopped looking for work), and involuntarily part-time workers (the “underemployed”) is roughly 14 per cent of the labor force. That is 20 million of our fellow citizens. Alongside that statistic, the Federal Reserve reports that 20 percent of our “industrial capacity” (tools, equipment, raw materials, floor space in factories, offices and stores, etc.) is sitting idle, wasted, not being used to produce goods and services. Capitalists make the decisions to not hire those millions of workers and to not buy, lease, or use all that industrial capacity.
Capitalists make those decisions based on what is privately profitable for them, not on what is lost to society. And that loss is huge. A simple calculation based on the numbers above proves the point. We as a nation forego about 15 percent of extra output of goods and services because of unemployed people and idled tools, equipment, etc. That comes to roughly $2 trillion per year. Yes, you read that correctly. We could produce an annual extra output far greater than the government’s budget deficit ever was. We could use that extra to reduce global poverty by more than what has been done by all advanced industrial nations for decades. In short, we have taken staggering losses for our planet from being entrapped within an economic system that permits employment decisions to be held hostage to capitalists’ profit calculations.
The second dimension of unemployment is the actual costs it imposes on society, costs not borne entirely, or even chiefly, by the capitalists whose decisions determine unemployment. A partial list of such costs includes additional government expenditures for unemployment compensation, food stamps, welfare supports and stimulus programs. Since the current capitalist crisis began in 2007, these costs are already in the trillions of dollars. It is also well known and documented that rising unemployment is positively correlated with rising physical and mental health problems, alcoholism, family disintegration, urban decline and so on. Public and private resources are expended to cope with these problems aggravated by unemployment. These resources come from the public much more than from the capitalists whose private decisions produced most of the unemployment. Capitalism socializes unemployment’s immense costs.
The third dimension of unemployment concerns how capitalism distributes unemployment among workers. In the United States, when capitalists decide to reduce employment because that is the most profitable decision for their individual, private enterprises, the question is: How will that unemployment be managed? The answer we see most often is that individual capitalists choose which individual employees they will fire. Thus in today’s United States, capitalists have selected most of the 7.5 percent of our people who are unemployed or underemployed. These they have condemned to full-time unemployment or reduced to unwanted part-time work.
An alternative option would manage unemployment by reducing everyone’s work week by 7.5 per cent, or roughly 3 hours out of a week’s 40 hours. Every worker would then have 3 hours of extra leisure for which no pay would be received. Instead, the saved money would be used to hire the 7.5 percent of workers who no longer need to be fired. Their work would substitute for the 3 hours lost from every other worker’s week. In this way, unemployment would be shared by everyone and not imposed on a minority selected by capitalists.
Of course, capitalists oppose this alternative option. It costs them the benefits that have to be provided to all workers – more than if they could withhold benefits from fired workers (the usual practice). More importantly, if unemployment were shared, the injustice and waste of it would be driven home personally to every worker by his/her reduced hours and reduced pay. Right-wing ideologies would then find it harder to blame the unemployed for their joblessness. It would also make it easier to persuade and mobilize all workers to fight unemployment as their common enemy. Finally, it could help to spark the long-overdue debate over the social benefits and costs of more work and output versus more leisure and less pressure on our natural resources and environment.
Capitalists defend their “right” to hire and fire as an “entitlement” that cannot be questioned. Yet it surely should be challenged on grounds of its undemocratic nature and its perverse social results. Employing people in socially useful work (however a democratic society might define that) is more humane to the individuals, families and communities involved, and more productive and less costly than rendering them unemployed. Yet a private profit-driven capitalist system yields the endless unemployment, spiking repeatedly, that society does not want. Except, of course, capitalists want it because it keeps them at the top of capitalist society.

Neoliberal Capitalism destroying Society

Neoliberalism is a philosophy which construes profit making as the essence of democracy and consuming as the only operable form of citizenship. It also provides a rationale for a handful of private interests to control as much as possible of social, economic, and political life in order to maximize their personal profit. Neoliberalism is marked by a shift from the manufacturing to the service sector, the rise of temporary and part-time work, growth of the financial sphere and speculative activity, the spread of mass consumerism, the commodification of practically everything.
Neoliberalism combines free market ideology with the privatization of public wealth, the elimination of the social state and social protections, and the deregulation of economic activity. Core narratives of neoliberalism are: privatization, deregulation, commodification, and the selling off of state functions. Neoliberalism advocates lifting the government oversight of free enterprise/trade thereby not providing checks and balances to prevent or mitigate social damage that might occur as a result of the policy of “no governmental interference”; eliminating public funding of social services; deregulating governmental involvement in anything that could cut into the profits of private enterprise; privatizing such enterprises as schools, hospitals, community-based organizations, and other entities traditionally held in the public trust; and eradicating the concept of “the public good” or “community” in favor of “individual responsibility.”

It is a form of terrorism because it abstracts economics from ethics and social costs, makes a mockery of democracy, works to dismantle the welfare state, thrives on militarization, undermines any public sphere not governed by market values, and transforms people into commodities. Neoliberalism’s rigid emphasis on unfettered individualism, competitiveness and flexibility displaces compassion, sharing and a concern for the welfare of others. In doing so, it dissolves crucial social bonds and undermines the profound nature of social responsibility and its ensuing concern for others. In removing individuals from broader social obligations, it not only tears up social solidarities, it also promotes a kind of individualism that is almost pathological in its disdain for public goods, community, social provisions, and public values. Given its tendency to instrumentalize knowledge, it exhibits mistrust for thoughtfulness, complexity, and critical dialogue and in doing so contributes to a culture of stupidity and cruelty in which the dominant ethic is organized around the discourse of war and a survival of the fittest mentality. Neoliberalism is the antithesis of democracy. – Henry A. Giroux

Resistance Vandalism

Why is true art called vandalism while idiotic advertising plasters OUR VISUAL SPACE? The public visual space BELONGS TO THE PEOPLE. We will no longer allow corporations to RAPE OUR EYEBALLS EVERY DAY. We will stand up and demand the right to free expression.

TRUE ART IS AN EXPRESSION OF THE HEART. Invasive advertising is trying to manipulate us to the advantage of the CORPORATIONS.

Creating Sustainable Communities with Zero Waste



If every community could take care of its own needs, growing their own food and producing according to the resources of the area. They can trade with other communities to get things they can’t produce. These communities would be responsible for their own people and for the environment they live in. This way it is impossible to just buy a place and then turn it into a toxic waste site for the next thousand years as Capitalists love to do. You would not have these mountains of trash, ocean “garbage patch” the size of Texas, incredible amounts of food and clothing destroyed every day. Each Community would take care of itself and make sure that no one dumped toxic waste or exploited the earth.You would not have these “waste people” like Capitalism does, people starving because Capitalists have destroyed their Community. We can take care of each other in the Community, where we know everyone and care about how they are doing, since each individual has an important place in the Community. Capitalists are trying to isolate us from each other to destroy our Community.